Reformulated without changing its essential content.

Axiom 7 finally ties together classically continuous and classically countable models. As shown in a later post, it defines a new type of Topology valid for both.

We will walk through the construction step by step.

**Step 1: Lines **Here the second definition introduces sets, where all of its elements are q-related. Then the first line defines as

*Lines*maximal sets of this type. If one accepts the Hausdorff-Maximal Principle for chains of partially ordered sets (or equivalently the Axiom of Choice), then

*Lines*is actually a non-empty set and for any totally q-related set there is at least on containing line.

**Step 2: Generalized Dedekind cuts **Traditionally a Dedekind cut splits an ordered set into two halves, one below the other. This notion doesn’t make sense on a circle. Now consider {a,b} as an interval on a line or a circle, then a set is defined as

*Generalized*Dedekind cut, if with endpoints it contains either the interior of the interval or its complement, which on a circle is again an interval; likewise if we would work with the 1-point compactified Real numbers, yet there –without compactification- also the traditional cuts would do.

**Step 3: Borders of a Generalized Dedekind cut and what a cut cuts ** As border of a Generalized Dedekind cut we define all elements, that are not

*properly*contained in some interval in D,

*properly*means that there should be at least one complementary element outside. A cut

*cuts*a set, if there are elements inside and outside the cut.

**Step 4: Line-Limits of a Generalized Dedekind cut **Step 4 is crucial in the whole construction. Actually we are

*only*interested in limiting points on

*lines*, yet for these we will accept only those border-elements as

*true*or

*objective*limits, that do not depend on a specific cut, i.e. when the piece

*cut-out*by two cuts are the same, then there should be –if any- the same limit.

**Step 5: The Symmetry-Axiom **

In the traditional definition of a Dedekind-cut, either the lower set has a maximal or the upper set has a minimal element, whence

*crossing the border*a maximal element becomes minimal vice versa.

**Step 6: The Cut-Axiom **

After these lengthy preparations, the final axioms is short: all

*Lines*should have well defined limits for their pieces, when cut by a Generalized Dedekind cut .

Some Remarks:

- The basic idea for this type of Generalized Dedekind-cut for partial orders appears already in early papers of Carl Adam Petri. While keeping the basic idea, our definition of a
*cut*itself is different and not only limited to combinatorial i.e. countable partial orders. Yet Petri was the first to note that*Dedekind-complete*for partial orders might be something quite different than rather requiring classical continuity on all lines (respectively all completely ordered subsets). - Nonetheless, for sets consisting only out of a single line or that are totally ordered sets, our definition is equivalent to the one introduced by Dedekind. Hence the Real Numbers are Dedekind-complete respectively –continuous, while the Long Line and the Long Ray are not. And –as intended- the Real Circle is Dedekind–continuous.
- In earlier attempts –see older parts of this BLOG- I tried to avoid the use of the
*Hausdorff principle*respectively the*Axiom of Choice*, due to their*non-constructive*character. These attempts failed so far. So to escape from being stuck in an non-essential detail, I finally accepted the Definition for*Lines*as a building block.

**This ends the presentation of the 7 Axiom-sets for Q-Spaces. **

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